Avalehe pilt
Identity documents
08/30/2014

Passport of the Estonian citizen is foremost a travel document that is issued to the Estonian citizens for crossing the state border. Passport can also be used as identification document.

An identification document or ID-card
is a mandatory identity document for citizens of Estonia. In addition to regular identification of a person, an ID-card can also be used for establishing one's identity in electronic environment and for giving one's digital signature. Within the European Union, an ID-card can be used by the citizens of Estonia as a travel document.

A mandatory identity document of a citizen of the European Union is also an identity card, also named as ID card. In addition to regular identification of a person, an ID-card can also be used for establishing one's identity in electronic environment and for giving one's digital signature. By means of the Estonian ID-card that has been issued to the citizen of the European Union, the Estonian border can be crossed, but Estonia cannot guarantee that other Member States would accept it as travel document (a valid ID-card of country of nationality or travel document may be required).

An alien’s passport is issued to an alien who holds valid permit of residence in Estonia and if it is established that the alien does not hold a travel document of a foreign country.

A residence card is a mandatory identity document of an alien who is residing permanently in Estonia on the basis of a valid residence permit or right of residence. In addition to regular identification of a person, a residence card can also be used for establishing one’s person in electronic environment and for giving one’s digital signature. NB! The identity cards issued to aliens earlier shall be valid until the expiry of their validity period.

Digital identification document or digi-ID is a digital document by means of which it is possible to establish one’s person in electronic environment and to give one’s digital signature. Holding of digi-ID is voluntary.

Certificates of record of service on Estonian ships and seaman's discharge books
are issued to seafarers. The documents respond to requirements of the “Seafarers’ Identity Documents Convention” of the International Labour Organisation (ILO).  

Travel document for refugee is a travel document that is issued to a refugee for crossing the state border.

Temporary travel document is issued to an alien staying in Estonia for single departure from Estonia and for return to Estonia.

More detailed information related to application and issuing of documents can be found in the rights-side menu of the page.