Putting into service of the speed limit recognition cameras is a common project of the Road Administration and the Police and Border Guard Board within the Estonian National Traffic Safety Program. At the end of November 2009, the Road Administration installed 16 speed limit recognition cameras to Tallinn-Tartu-Võru-Luhamaa road that were tested first. As of the end of 2016, 67 speed measuring booths, which measure speed in 60 directions of traffic, have been mounted on the roads of Estonia. In 2016 the total number of notices of cautionary fine sent to persons who had exceeded the speed limit was 121 038.
The purpose of the speed cameras is to increase the safety of all users of Estonian roads. In Europe, some 20 per cent of traffic deaths are caused by excessive speed, and around 8,500 persons die in each year as a result of speeding. Efficient traffic supervision is required to save lives and technical equipment – speed cameras – is an important element of this supervision. The experiences of other countries indicate that introduction of cameras reduces the number of traffic accidents with human casualties by 17-20 per cent and the total number of traffic accidents by around 10 per cent. As the cameras record all incidents of speeding, they promote compliance with the traffic code, thus helping to reduce the number of traffic accidents and improving the traffic culture in general.
The benefits of an automated speed camera in comparison to speed measurements by a police patrol include efficiency in discovering violations and faster formalisation of the procedure. Thanks to the photos taken by the camera, there is no need for a police officer to stop the car after speeding was detected and the procedure will not take place at the site of violation. The speed cameras have an effective and direct impact on the behaviour of road users, because the equipment records all violations within the range of the camera for 24 hours a day, irrespective of the weather. The speed camera treats all speeders equally, excluding situations where, after one speeder has been stopped, the next driver is able to continue speeding freely, hoping that he will not be caught.
The introduction of speed cameras, or automated speed enforcement, is part of the Estonian National Traffic Safety Programme 2003-2015, with the objective to reduce the annual number of traffic deaths to 100 by the year 2015.
Benefits of automated speed enforcement:
- efficiency – the probability of discovering speeders is very high;
- speed – the decision on imposing a fine and the contestation form will be sent to the responsible user of the vehicle immediately after identification;
- economy – work processes are optimally automated and the number of persons involved in the procedure is minimal. The time and labour gained by abandoning the traditional method of processing the incidents of speeding can be utilised for discovery and prevention of other types of traffic code violations;
- reliability – speeders are always photographed, the risk of error is minimal;
- equal treatment – all cases will be recorded. Each km/h over the speed limit always corresponds to a statutory fixed amount of fine (1 km/h = 3 €).