The issue of residence permits to the third country nationals and persons with undetermined citizenship is regulated by the Aliens Act.
Residence permit may be temporary (validity period up to five years) or long-term.
The immigration quota for 2017 is 1317.
Upon the issue or extension of the residence permit an alien is issued a residence card. Residence card contains its holder’s personal data, data related to residence and work permits, photo and fingerprint images.
By applying for a residence permit fingerprints are captured from applicants as of 6 years of age. In order to capture fingerprints, an applicant has to apply in person to the Service Office of a Prefecture of the Police and Border Guard Board or to foreign representation of the Republic of EstoniaFingerprints are not taken, if a person is less than 6 years of age, less than 5 years have passed from capturing fingerprints by applying for a travel document, residence permit/right of residence or residence permit card, or if permanent incapability of a person to give fingerprints has been established in advance.
As a result of the amendments of the Aliens Act from 18.01.2017, aliens who have a residence permit of Estonia are no longer obliged to stay in Estonia for at least 183 days during a year. Aliens have an obligation to use a residence permit in accordance with its intended purpose and fulfil the conditions for the issue of the residence permit also during the period of its validity. As a consequence of the amendments, the obligation to register stay away from Estonia at the Police and Border Guard Board was lifted. Details of the place of residence in the Population Register of Estonia still have to be correct.