Short-time employment in Estonia is permitted to an alien, who stays legally in Estonia on the temporary basis (for example, on the basis of a visa or visa-free) and whose employment has been registered with the Police and Border Guard Board before the employment commences.
Short-time employment can be registered for up to 270 days during a year. Short-term employment can be registered for a longer period of time for employment as a teacher or a lecturer, for research work, for employment as a top specialist or at a start-up company.
General requirements for the registration of short-term employment:
- an alien has the requisite qualifications, education, state of health, work experience and the necessary professional skills and knowledge to assume such position;
- an employer is registered in Estonia.
- an employer shall pay an alien remuneration in the amount of the annual average gross monthly salary in Estonia last published at the time of the application. Here you can find additional information on the remuneration requirement and exceptions to whom it does not apply and to whom applies a higher rate.
For the registration of short-term employment, additional requirements apply in the case of the following jobs:
- for employment as a teacher or a lecturer, an educational institution must comply with the requirements established by the legislation of Estonia;
- for research activities, an alien must have appropriate professional training or experience;
- for employment as a top specialist, an alien must have acquired appropriate professional training for such activities. Here you can find the requirements for the employer of a top specialist;
- for employment at a start-up, the start-up company must have been previously evaluated by the expert committee, unless a specification applies. Here you can find more information on the evaluation and specifications of start-ups;
- for participation in seasonal work, an alien’s permanent or principal place of residence must be in a third country and the person must stay or arrive in Estonia on the basis of a visa or visa-free. Seasonal work is season-dependent activity, which is listed in the Government of the Republic Regulation. Here you can find more information on the areas of activity and other requirements of seasonal work;
- for employment in Estonia with a residence permit of an employee transferred within a company of another EU member state, the aim of work must be transfer within a company and the person must be a managerial employee, a specialist or a trainee. The receiving unit located in Estonia and the employer established outside the European Union, must both belong to the same group or be a branch of a company. Employment shall be registered by the receiving unit in Estonia;
- the employer of a person engaged in creative activities must be a performing arts institution for the purposes of the Performing Arts Institutions Act;
- for employment as a sportsman, coach, referee or sports official the employer must previously have the agreement of a respective sports federation;
- internship for the purposes of vocational training or study at higher education level must be through the mediation of a foreign educational institution or a student organisation or by placement under guidance of a foreign educational institution and it must be the part of the training programme;
- for employment within the framework of a youth project or programme, the youth project or programme must be recognised by the Ministry of Education and Research;
- for employment as service personnel of a foreign mission in the Republic of Estonia, the approval of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs is required;
- for working as a minister of religion, nun or monk, the person must be invited to Estonia by a religious association and this invitation must be approved by the Ministry of the Interior;
- for working on the basis of a treaty, the person must have the right to take employment in Estonia arising from the treaty;
- working as a posted worker must comply with the Working Conditions of Workers Posted in Estonia Act.
On the above named cases, a short-term employment in Estonia can also be registered if this is a temporary agency work with a user undertaking.
Temporary agency work can be registered as short-term employment, if an employer registered in Estonia operates as an intermediary of temporary agency work and the employer holds assets covering at least ten percent of the salary fund on a deposit account opened in a credit institution registered in Estonia during the whole short-term employment period.
- Application for registration of short-term employment of an alien in Estonia (to be filled in on screen and printed out). Instructions for filling in the application form. By signing the application, the employer confirms to the Police and Border Guard Board that all data contained in the application and the documents attached to it are correct and conditions for the registration of the short-term employment of an alien have been met;
- 1 colour photo with measures 40x50mm;
- copy of the page of alien’s travel document depicting his or her personal data;
- a document certifying the payment of the state fee.
Additional documents, information or confirmations:
- for employment as a top specialist – if the company where the alien commences employment has been registered in Estonia for less than 12 months and commences operation with the support of the state or private investments, provide documents or data indicating that investment or loan has been received from the state or a private management company licensed by the Financial Supervision Authority or a support from a public support measures;
- temporary agency worker shall be confirmed by signing the application that you have funds in deposit to the extent of at least ten per cent of the remuneration fund;
- at the registration of seasonal work, by signing the application, you confirm that:
- a fixed-term employment contract has been concluded with the alien or a binding job offer has been made;
- if you ensure the accommodation of a seasonal worker, this accommodation shall comply with the requirements imposed by legislation and the alien has a lease contract;
- seasonal worker has a valid health insurance policy guaranteeing he payment of any costs related to his or her medical treatment as a result of illness or injury within the period during which he or she is not covered by national health insurance;
- in the case of an alien with a residence permit related to the transfer of an employee within a company, please provide:
- an employment contract that includes information about the receiving unit, starting date and ending date of the transfer, position to which the alien is transferred and remuneration in euros;
- evidence that the receiving unit and the employer established outside the European Union belong to the same group or a branch of a company;
- a copy of a residence permit issued by another EU member state;
- for employment by way of an internship, by signing the application, you confirm that the work is carried out for the purposes of vocational training or study at higher education level for employment by way of an internship through the mediation of a foreign educational institution or a student organisation or by placement under guidance of a foreign educational institution and it is part of the training programme;
- for employment within the framework of a youth project or programme, by signing the application, you confirm that a voluntary service contract has been concluded with the alien;
- in the case of employment at a start-up, provide an opinion of the expert committee or a number of the application of the expert committee, unless the company is one of the start-up companies listed in the Directive of the Minister of the Interior.
More detailed requirements to documents issued in foreign countries can be found here.
Registration of or refusal to register of short-term employment
In expedited procedure, short-term employment shall be registered no later than on the working day following the day of the submission of the application if the following bases for employment exist:
- for employment as a teacher or a lecturer;
- for research work;
- for employment as a top specialist;
- for employment with a residence permit of an employee transferred within a company of another EU member state;
- for employment at a start-up;
- for participation in seasonal work if an alien has been employed as a seasonal worker in Estonia during the last five years and his or her registration of short-term employment has not been declared invalid.
In the case of registration of short-term employment, an alien can set to work in Estonia starting from the same calendar date when the employer registered the alien's short-term employment in Estonia with the Police and Border Guard Board.
In the case of for registration of short-term employment, the registration of short-term employment shall not be refused. The conformity of the application and the compliance with the requirements shall be checked after the registration of short-term employment, and, if necessary, the registration shall be repealed.
On regular basis the short-term employment is registered or refused to register within 10 working days as of the day following the date of acceptance of the application for proceeding or as of the date when the deficiencies of the application are eliminated.
More detailed information about the employer’s obligations (salary criterion and obligation of notification) can be found here.